International Geophysical Year Begins (1957)

Undertaken during a period of maximum sunspot activity, the International Geophysical Year (IGY) was an 18-month period of cooperation among the scientists of 67 nations for concentrated and coordinated geophysical study, primarily of the solar and terrestrial atmospheres. It produced scientific cooperation unimpeded by the Cold War and was the largest and most important international scientific effort to that date. What are some of the dozens of advances and discoveries achieved during the IGY? Discuss
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Ghana Republic Day

Ghana’s Republic Day celebration is one of the most striking in West Africa, due to the fact that the popular attire includes the brightly colored cloth known as the kenti. Men wear it draped over one shoulder and around the waist, while women may wear it as a long skirt. July 1 is the day on which Ghana became an independent republic in 1960. The people also celebrate March 6 as Independence Day—the day in 1957 when British rule ended and Ghana became the first state in the British Commonwealth to be governed by black Africans. Discuss
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George Sand (1804)

Born Amandine Dupin, Sand was raised in a strict household but began to rebel after spending time in a convent. She wore men’s clothes and urged women to live as men did. In 1836, she divorced her aristocratic husband and moved to Paris with their two children, supporting them by writing some 80 novels. Under her pseudonym, she became a star of the French literary scene, drawing admiration from Gustave Flaubert and vitriol from Charles Baudelaire. What famous composer was Sand’s longtime lover? Discuss
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empty – First meant "at leisure, unoccupied," and it could also mean "unmarried." More…

leisure – Based on Latin licere, "be allowed." More…

scholastic – Based on Latin scholasticus, "devote one's leisure to learning." More…

vacation – Coming from Latin vacation/vacatio, from vacare, "to be free, empty; to be at leisure," around 1395, this term entered Old English, meaning "rest and freedom from any activity." More…

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