Ladislaus I of Hungary

Now regarded by Hungarians as the model of chivalry and valor, Ladislaus was king of Hungary from 1077 to 1095. An able king, he expanded his country, suppressed paganism, modified the criminal code, and issued laws protecting private property. In 1091, he conquered Croatia at the invitation of his sister, Croatia’s widowed queen. He supported the pope against the Holy Roman Emperor but refused to swear fealty to the papacy. Still, he was canonized in 1198. What miracles are attributed to him? Discuss
Continue reading “Ladislaus I of Hungary”

Martin Luther Posts His

According to the traditional account, Luther posted his Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the castle church in Wittenberg, Germany—an event now seen as the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Written in response to the selling of indulgences to pay for the rebuilding of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, the theses represented an implicit criticism of papal policy and aroused much controversy. Why do some scholars question whether Luther actually nailed his theses to the church door? Discuss
Continue reading “Martin Luther Posts His”

Halloween (Scotland)

Many of the traditional customs associated with Halloween in Scotland are described in the famous poem of that name by the Scottish poet Robert Burns. “Pulling the kail” referred to the custom of sending boys and girls out into the garden (or kailyard) blindfolded to pull up the first plant they encountered; its size, shape, and texture would reveal the appearance and disposition of the finder’s future husband or wife. It was also believed that by eating an apple in front of a mirror, a young woman could see the reflection of her future mate peering over her shoulder. Discuss
Continue reading “Halloween (Scotland)”