North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Takes Effect (1994)

Signed by Canada, Mexico, and the US, NAFTA created the world’s largest free-trade area. The agreement immediately lifted tariffs on the majority of goods produced by the signatory nations, and it called for the gradual elimination of most of the remaining barriers to cross-border investment and to the movement of goods and services among the three countries. Critics claim that NAFTA has led to job loss in the US due to the prevalence of maquiladoras, which are what? Discuss
Continue reading “North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Takes Effect (1994)”

Feast of Fools

A mock-religious festival popular during the Middle Ages in Europe, particularly France, the Feast of Fools had much in common with the Roman Saturnalia. Various classes of the clergy took turns reversing the normal procedures in the church—the group to whom the day belonged would nominate a bishop and archbishop of fools, ordaining them in a mock ceremony and then presenting them to the people. They would dance and sing obscene songs, play dice or eat at the altar, burn old shoes in the censers, and engage in other activities that would normally be unthinkable. Discuss
Continue reading “Feast of Fools”

Alfred Stieglitz (1864)

Stieglitz was the first art photographer in the US. More than any other American, he compelled the recognition of photography as a fine art. After editing a series of photography magazines, he established the famous gallery “291” in New York City. The gallery soon broadened its scope from fine-art photography and introduced to the US works by members of the modern French art movement, including C├ęzanne and Picasso. It also exhibited the works of what American artist whom Stieglitz later married? Discuss
Continue reading “Alfred Stieglitz (1864)”