Eyeball Tattooing

First used by Roman physician Galen in the 2nd century, eyeball tattooing has been practiced for centuries to disguise deformities of the cornea such as opaque white scar tissue. The procedure involves injecting dye directly into the cornea. Though it is usually performed on eyes that have already lost sight, corneal tattooing can also be used to improve vision, such as by reducing glare resulting from other eye surgeries. Which US state outlawed cosmetic tattooing of the white part of the eye? Discuss
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Inari

Though its origin is unclear, worship of Inari, the Shint­­o god of rice and prosperity, dates to at least the 8th century BCE. Today, shrines to Inari are among the most numerous in Japan. Throughout history, Inari has been variously depicted as a woman with long hair carrying sheaves of rice or as a bearded old man riding a fox, which is sometimes identified as his messenger. As an offering to the fox statues at Inari’s shrines, worshippers leave a dish known as Inari-zushi. What is it? Discuss
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The Holman Projector

The Holman Projector was introduced by the British military in 1940. Mounted on ships, it used compressed air or steam to launch hand grenades at enemy aircraft. Though it rarely hit them, the grenades it launched produced deceptively large clouds of smoke that gave enemies the impression that a much more deadly weapon was firing upon them. A demonstration of the gun for Winston Churchill was once nearly scrapped for want of grenades but was saved when what unusual ordinance was supplied?
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Minaret of Jam

Hidden in the remote mountains of Afghanistan, far from human settlement, the ancient Minaret of Jam was forgotten by the outside world until its rediscovery by archaeologists in 1957. The minaret was built in 1194 CE, probably as part of the Ghurid Dynasty’s summer capital, the lost city of Firuzkuh. Set by the junction of two small rivers, the ornate brick-and-tile structure stands 213 feet (65 m) high and is surrounded by ruins. The Quranic text on the minaret refers to what historic woman? Discuss
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Embroidery

The art of decorating textiles with needle and thread has unclear origins, but examples of ancient embroidery have been found on the wrappings of Egyptian mummies, meaning it has been around for millennia. While some traditional embroidery techniques are specific to certain cultures, the basic stitches used to make patterns on fabric have remained the same for thousands of years. Embellishments like pearls, shells, and sequins sometimes adorn embroidered pieces. What is whitework embroidery? Discuss
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