Skiffle

Skiffle is a genre of music incorporating blues, folk, jazz, and country influences, but performed using homemade instruments. Though skiffle performers sometimes use banjos or guitars, they also make use of washboards, jugs, tubs, and comb-and-paper kazoos. Skiffle originated in the US in the early 20th century before spreading to the UK. By the late 1950s, there were as many as 50,000 skiffle groups in the UK—including the band that would become The Beatles. What was the group’s name?
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Hanno the Navigator

Hanno was a Carthaginian explorer who, in the 5th century BCE, led about 60 ships to explore and colonize the northwestern coast of Africa. Attempts to identify the places mentioned in early accounts of the voyage have failed, possibly because the Carthaginians altered details to discourage competitors. Still, it is believed that Hanno traveled at least as far as Senegal, and possibly as far as Cameroon or Gabon. At the end of the journey, Hanno reported finding an island populated with what? Discuss
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Barefoot Parks

Popular in Europe, barefoot parks are places where visitors can dispense with shoes and safely experience various landscape textures underfoot. Their well-maintained terrain affords visitors the opportunity to walk across different types of soil, wade through streams, and even practice climbing—all while barefoot. Some parks offer activities such as foot gymnastics, in which people can practice picking up objects with their feet. How might barefoot parks improve one’s overall comfort and health? Discuss
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Herbaria

A herbarium is a collection of dried and mounted plant specimens. Whole plants collected from the field are spread flat and dried, usually between absorbent sheets in a plant press. They are then mounted on stiff white paper and carefully labeled. Specimens are often poisoned as a precaution against insect attacks. Herbaria are said to be the “dictionaries” of the plant kingdom, containing the reference specimens essential to the proper naming of unknown plants. How are specimens organized? Discuss
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The Saxon Wars

In 772 CE, Charlemagne invaded pagan Saxony—what is now northwestern Germany—intending to absorb the region into his Frankish realm. However, for the next 30 years, the Saxons had to be repeatedly re-conquered before their resistance was finally crushed. The Saxon pagans were converted to Christianity more than once before finally accepting Frankish rule. Charlemagne stood in as godfather for their leader, Widukind, at his baptism. What did Charlemagne do with the last unruly tribe of Saxons? Discuss
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